A Sequence Kernel and its Application to Speaker Recognition

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 14 (NIPS 2001)

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William Campbell


A novel approach for comparing sequences of observations using an explicit-expansion kernel is demonstrated. The kernel is derived using the assumption of the independence of the sequence of observations and a mean-squared error training criterion. The use of an explicit expan- sion kernel reduces classifier model size and computation dramatically, resulting in model sizes and computation one-hundred times smaller in our application. The explicit expansion also preserves the computational advantages of an earlier architecture based on mean-squared error train- ing. Training using standard support vector machine methodology gives accuracy that significantly exceeds the performance of state-of-the-art mean-squared error training for a speaker recognition task.