ReMaX: Relaxing for Better Training on Efficient Panoptic Segmentation

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper


Shuyang Sun, WEIJUN WANG, Andrew Howard, Qihang Yu, Philip Torr, Liang-Chieh Chen


This paper presents a new mechanism to facilitate the training of mask transformers for efficient panoptic segmentation, democratizing its deployment. We observe that due to the high complexity in the training objective of panoptic segmentation, it will inevitably lead to much higher penalization on false positive. Such unbalanced loss makes the training process of the end-to-end mask-transformer based architectures difficult, especially for efficient models. In this paper, we present ReMaX that adds relaxation to mask predictions and class predictions during the training phase for panoptic segmentation. We demonstrate that via these simple relaxation techniques during training, our model can be consistently improved by a clear margin without any extra computational cost on inference. By combining our method with efficient backbones like MobileNetV3-Small, our method achieves new state-of-the-art results for efficient panoptic segmentation on COCO, ADE20K and Cityscapes. Code and pre-trained checkpoints will be available at