PICProp: Physics-Informed Confidence Propagation for Uncertainty Quantification

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper


Qianli Shen, Wai Hoh Tang, Zhun Deng, Apostolos Psaros, Kenji Kawaguchi


Standard approaches for uncertainty quantification in deep learning and physics-informed learning have persistent limitations. Indicatively, strong assumptions regarding the data likelihood are required, the performance highly depends on the selection of priors, and the posterior can be sampled only approximately, which leads to poor approximations because of the associated computational cost.This paper introduces and studies confidence interval (CI) estimation for deterministic partial differential equations as a novel problem.That is, to propagate confidence, in the form of CIs, from data locations to the entire domain with probabilistic guarantees.We propose a method, termed Physics-Informed Confidence Propagation (PICProp), based on bi-level optimization to compute a valid CI without making heavy assumptions.We provide a theorem regarding the validity of our method, and computational experiments, where the focus is on physics-informed learning. Code is available at https://github.com/ShenQianli/PICProp.