Minimax Optimal Rate for Parameter Estimation in Multivariate Deviated Models

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper


Dat Do, Huy Nguyen, Khai Nguyen, Nhat Ho


We study the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) in the multivariate deviated model where the data are generated from the density function $(1-\lambda^{\ast})h_{0}(x)+\lambda^{\ast}f(x|\mu^{\ast}, \Sigma^{\ast})$ in which $h_{0}$ is a known function, $\lambda^{\ast} \in [0,1]$ and $(\mu^{\ast}, \Sigma^{\ast})$ are unknown parameters to estimate. The main challenges in deriving the convergence rate of the MLE mainly come from two issues: (1) The interaction between the function $h_{0}$ and the density function $f$; (2) The deviated proportion $\lambda^{\ast}$ can go to the extreme points of $[0,1]$ as the sample size tends to infinity. To address these challenges, we develop the \emph{distinguishability condition} to capture the linear independent relation between the function $h_{0}$ and the density function $f$. We then provide comprehensive convergence rates of the MLE via the vanishing rate of $\lambda^{\ast}$ to zero as well as the distinguishability of two functions $h_{0}$ and $f$.