Prototypical Variational Autoencoder for 3D Few-shot Object Detection

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 36 (NeurIPS 2023) Main Conference Track

Bibtex Paper Supplemental


Weiliang Tang, Biqi YANG, Xianzhi Li, Yun-Hui Liu, Pheng-Ann Heng, Chi-Wing Fu


Few-Shot 3D Point Cloud Object Detection (FS3D) is a challenging task, aiming to detect 3D objects of novel classes using only limited annotated samples for training. Considering that the detection performance highly relies on the quality of the latent features, we design a VAE-based prototype learning scheme, named prototypical VAE (P-VAE), to learn a probabilistic latent space for enhancing the diversity and distinctiveness of the sampled features. The network encodes a multi-center GMM-like posterior, in which each distribution centers at a prototype. For regularization, P-VAE incorporates a reconstruction task to preserve geometric information. To adopt P-VAE for the detection framework, we formulate Geometric-informative Prototypical VAE (GP-VAE) to handle varying geometric components and Class-specific Prototypical VAE (CP-VAE) to handle varying object categories. In the first stage, we harness GP-VAE to aid feature extraction from the input scene. In the second stage, we cluster the geometric-informative features into per-instance features and use CP-VAE to refine each instance feature with category-level guidance. Experimental results show the top performance of our approach over the state of the arts on two FS3D benchmarks. Quantitative ablations and qualitative prototype analysis further demonstrate that our probabilistic modeling can significantly boost prototype learning for FS3D.