Learning Robust Hierarchical Patterns of Human Brain across Many fMRI Studies

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 34 (NeurIPS 2021)

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Dushyant Sahoo, Christos Davatzikos


Multi-site fMRI studies face the challenge that the pooling introduces systematic non-biological site-specific variance due to hardware, software, and environment. In this paper, we propose to reduce site-specific variance in the estimation of hierarchical Sparsity Connectivity Patterns (hSCPs) in fMRI data via a simple yet effective matrix factorization while preserving biologically relevant variations. Our method leverages unsupervised adversarial learning to improve the reproducibility of the components. Experiments on simulated datasets display that the proposed method can estimate components with higher accuracy and reproducibility, while preserving age-related variation on a multi-center clinical data set.