Every View Counts: Cross-View Consistency in 3D Object Detection with Hybrid-Cylindrical-Spherical Voxelization

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (NeurIPS 2020)

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Qi Chen, Lin Sun, Ernest Cheung, Alan L. Yuille


Recent voxel-based 3D object detectors for autonomous vehicles learn point cloud representations either from bird eye view (BEV) or range view (RV, a.k.a. the perspective view). However, each view has its own strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, we present a novel framework to unify and leverage the benefits from both BEV and RV. The widely-used cuboid-shaped voxels in Cartesian coordinate system only benefit learning BEV feature map. Therefore, to enable learning both BEV and RV feature maps, we introduce Hybrid-Cylindrical-Spherical voxelization. Our findings show that simply adding detection on another view as auxiliary supervision will lead to poor performance. We proposed a pair of cross-view transformers to transform the feature maps into the other view and introduce cross-view consistency loss on them. Comprehensive experiments on the challenging NuScenes Dataset validate the effectiveness of our proposed method by virtue of joint optimization and complementary information on both views. Remarkably, our approach achieved mAP of 55.8%, outperforming all published approaches by at least 3% in overall performance and up to 16.5% in safety-crucial categories like cyclist.