Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (NeurIPS 2020)
Jay Nandy, Wynne Hsu, Mong Li Lee
Among existing uncertainty estimation approaches, Dirichlet Prior Network (DPN) distinctly models different predictive uncertainty types. However, for in-domain examples with high data uncertainties among multiple classes, even a DPN model often produces indistinguishable representations from the out-of-distribution (OOD) examples, compromising their OOD detection performance. We address this shortcoming by proposing a novel loss function for DPN to maximize the representation gap between in-domain and OOD examples. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed approach consistently improves OOD detection performance.