Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 16 (NIPS 2003)
Jaco Vermaak, Simon Godsill, Arnaud Doucet
We propose a method for sequential Bayesian kernel regression. As is the case for the popular Relevance Vector Machine (RVM) [10, 11], the method automatically identiﬁes the number and locations of the kernels. Our algorithm overcomes some of the computational difﬁculties related to batch methods for kernel regression. It is non-iterative, and requires only a single pass over the data. It is thus applicable to truly sequen- tial data sets and batch data sets alike. The algorithm is based on a generalisation of Importance Sampling, which allows the design of in- tuitively simple and efﬁcient proposal distributions for the model param- eters. Comparative results on two standard data sets show our algorithm to compare favourably with existing batch estimation strategies.