Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 10 (NIPS 1997)
William Freeman, Paul Viola
Image intensity variations can result from several different object surface effects, including shading from 3-dimensional relief of the object, or paint on the surface itself. An essential problem in vision , which people solve naturally, is to attribute the proper physical cause, e.g. surface relief or paint, to an observed image. We ad(cid:173) dressed this problem with an approach combining psychophysical and Bayesian computational methods. We assessed human performance on a set of test images, and found that people made fairly consistent judgements of surface properties. Our computational model assigned simple prior probabilities to different relief or paint explanations for an image, and solved for the most probable interpretation in a Bayesian framework. The ratings of the test images by our algorithm compared surprisingly well with the mean ratings of our subjects.