Adaptive Probing Policies for Shortest Path Routing

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 pre-proceedings (NeurIPS 2020)

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Aditya Bhaskara, Sreenivas Gollapudi, Kostas Kollias, Kamesh Munagala


Inspired by traffic routing applications, we consider the problem of finding the shortest path from a source $s$ to a destination $t$ in a graph, when the lengths of the edges are unknown. Instead, we are given {\em hints} or predictions of the edge lengths from a collection of ML models, trained possibly on historical data and other contexts in the network. Additionally, we assume that the true length of any candidate path can be obtained by {\em probing} an up-to-date snapshot of the network. However, each probe introduces a latency, and thus the goal is to minimize the number of probes while finding a near-optimal path with high probability. We formalize this problem and show assumptions under which it admits to efficient approximation algorithms. We verify these assumptions and validate the performance of our algorithms on real data.