Optimal Epoch Stochastic Gradient Descent Ascent Methods for Min-Max Optimization

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 pre-proceedings (NeurIPS 2020)

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Authors

Yan Yan, Yi Xu, Qihang Lin, Wei Liu, Tianbao Yang

Abstract

<p>Epoch gradient descent method (a.k.a. Epoch-GD) proposed by (Hazan and Kale, 2011) was deemeda breakthrough for stochastic strongly convex minimization, which achieves theoptimal convergence rate of O(1/T) with T iterative updates for the objective gap. However, its extension to solving stochastic min-max problems with strong convexity and strong concavity still remains open, and it is still unclear whethera fast rate ofO(1/T)for theduality gapis achievable for stochastic min-max optimization under strong convexity and strong concavity. Although some re-cent studies have proposed stochastic algorithms with fast convergence rates formin-max problems, they require additional assumptions about the problem, e.g.,smoothness, bi-linear structure, etc. In this paper, we bridge this gap by providinga sharp analysis of epoch-wise stochastic gradient descent ascent method (referredto as Epoch-GDA) for solving strongly convex strongly concave (SCSC) min-maxproblems, without imposing any additional assumption about smoothness or the function’s structure. To the best of our knowledge, our result is the first one that shows Epoch-GDA can achieve the optimal rate ofO(1/T)for the duality gapof general SCSC min-max problems. We emphasize that such generalization of Epoch-GD for strongly convex minimization problems to Epoch-GDA for SCSC min-max problems is non-trivial and requires novel technical analysis. Moreover, we notice that the key lemma can also be used for proving the convergence of Epoch-GDA for weakly-convex strongly-concave min-max problems, leading to a nearly optimal complexity without resorting to smoothness or other structural conditions.</p>