Weight Agnostic Neural Networks

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

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Authors

Adam Gaier, David Ha

Abstract

<p>Not all neural network architectures are created equal, some perform much better than others for certain tasks. But how important are the weight parameters of a neural network compared to its architecture? In this work, we question to what extent neural network architectures alone, without learning any weight parameters, can encode solutions for a given task. We propose a search method for neural network architectures that can already perform a task without any explicit weight training. To evaluate these networks, we populate the connections with a single shared weight parameter sampled from a uniform random distribution, and measure the expected performance. We demonstrate that our method can find minimal neural network architectures that can perform several reinforcement learning tasks without weight training. On a supervised learning domain, we find network architectures that achieve much higher than chance accuracy on MNIST using random weights.</p> <p>Interactive version of this paper at https://weightagnostic.github.io/</p>