Beyond Alternating Updates for Matrix Factorization with Inertial Bregman Proximal Gradient Algorithms

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

AuthorFeedback »Bibtex »Bibtex »MetaReview »Metadata »Paper »Reviews »Supplemental »


Mahesh Chandra Mukkamala, Peter Ochs


<p>Matrix Factorization is a popular non-convex optimization problem, for which alternating minimization schemes are mostly used. They usually suffer from the major drawback that the solution is biased towards one of the optimization variables. A remedy is non-alternating schemes. However, due to a lack of Lipschitz continuity of the gradient in matrix factorization problems, convergence cannot be guaranteed. A recently developed approach relies on the concept of Bregman distances, which generalizes the standard Euclidean distance. We exploit this theory by proposing a novel Bregman distance for matrix factorization problems, which, at the same time, allows for simple/closed form update steps. Therefore, for non-alternating schemes, such as the recently introduced Bregman Proximal Gradient (BPG) method and an inertial variant Convex--Concave Inertial BPG (CoCaIn BPG), convergence of the whole sequence to a stationary point is proved for Matrix Factorization. In several experiments, we observe a superior performance of our non-alternating schemes in terms of speed and objective value at the limit point.</p>