Efficiently Estimating Erdos-Renyi Graphs with Node Differential Privacy

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

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Jonathan Ullman, Adam Sealfon


We give a simple, computationally efficient, and node-differentially-private algorithm for estimating the parameter of an Erdos-Renyi graph---that is, estimating p in a G(n,p)---with near-optimal accuracy. Our algorithm nearly matches the information-theoretically optimal exponential-time algorithm for the same problem due to Borgs et al. (FOCS 2018). More generally, we give an optimal, computationally efficient, private algorithm for estimating the edge-density of any graph whose degree distribution is concentrated in a small interval.