Solving the multi-way matching problem by permutation synchronization

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 26 (NIPS 2013)

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Deepti Pachauri, Risi Kondor, Vikas Singh


The problem of matching not just two, but m different sets of objects to each other arises in a variety of contexts, including finding the correspondence between feature points across multiple images in computer vision. At present it is usually solved by matching the sets pairwise, in series. In contrast, we propose a new method, permutation synchronization, which finds all the matchings jointly, in one shot, via a relaxation to eigenvector decomposition. The resulting algorithm is both computationally efficient, and, as we demonstrate with theoretical arguments as well as experimental results, much more stable to noise than previous methods.