Transduction with Matrix Completion: Three Birds with One Stone

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 23 (NIPS 2010)

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Andrew Goldberg, Ben Recht, Junming Xu, Robert Nowak, Jerry Zhu


We pose transductive classification as a matrix completion problem. By assuming the underlying matrix has a low rank, our formulation is able to handle three problems simultaneously: i) multi-label learning, where each item has more than one label, ii) transduction, where most of these labels are unspecified, and iii) missing data, where a large number of features are missing. We obtained satisfactory results on several real-world tasks, suggesting that the low rank assumption may not be as restrictive as it seems. Our method allows for different loss functions to apply on the feature and label entries of the matrix. The resulting nuclear norm minimization problem is solved with a modified fixed-point continuation method that is guaranteed to find the global optimum.