Discriminative Fields for Modeling Spatial Dependencies in Natural Images

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 16 (NIPS 2003)

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Sanjiv Kumar, Martial Hebert


In this paper we present Discriminative Random Fields (DRF), a discrim- inative framework for the classification of natural image regions by incor- porating neighborhood spatial dependencies in the labels as well as the observed data. The proposed model exploits local discriminative models and allows to relax the assumption of conditional independence of the observed data given the labels, commonly used in the Markov Random Field (MRF) framework. The parameters of the DRF model are learned using penalized maximum pseudo-likelihood method. Furthermore, the form of the DRF model allows the MAP inference for binary classifica- tion problems using the graph min-cut algorithms. The performance of the model was verified on the synthetic as well as the real-world images. The DRF model outperforms the MRF model in the experiments.