Recurrent Neural Networks for Missing or Asynchronous Data

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 8 (NIPS 1995)

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Yoshua Bengio, Francois Gingras


In this paper we propose recurrent neural networks with feedback into the input units for handling two types of data analysis problems. On the one hand, this scheme can be used for static data when some of the input variables are missing. On the other hand, it can also be used for sequential data, when some of the input variables are missing or are available at different frequencies. Unlike in the case of probabilistic models (e.g. Gaussian) of the missing variables, the network does not attempt to model the distribution of the missmg variables given the observed variables. Instead it is a more "discriminant" approach that fills in the missing variables for the sole purpose of minimizing a learning criterion (e.g., to minimize an output error).