The Gamma MLP for Speech Phoneme Recognition

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 8 (NIPS 1995)

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Steve Lawrence, Ah Tsoi, Andrew Back


We define a Gamma multi-layer perceptron (MLP) as an MLP with the usual synaptic weights replaced by gamma filters (as pro(cid:173) posed by de Vries and Principe (de Vries and Principe, 1992)) and associated gain terms throughout all layers. We derive gradient descent update equations and apply the model to the recognition of speech phonemes. We find that both the inclusion of gamma filters in all layers, and the inclusion of synaptic gains, improves the performance of the Gamma MLP. We compare the Gamma MLP with TDNN, Back-Tsoi FIR MLP, and Back-Tsoi I1R MLP architectures, and a local approximation scheme. We find that the Gamma MLP results in an substantial reduction in error rates.